Ephesus was an ancient Greek city located on the western bank of Anatolia, within the boundaries of the Seljuk county of today's İzmir province, and later an important Roman city. It was one of the twelve cities of Ionia in the classical Greek era.
World heritage site "Ephesus" taken to the World Heritage List; Çukuriçi Höyük consists of four components: Ayasuluk Hill (Selçuk Castle, St. John Basilica, Isa Bey Bath, Isa Bey Mosque, Artemision), Ephesus Antique City and Virgin Mary's House.
Ephesus, one of the most important centers of antiquity, has been inhabited continuously for about 9000 years during Hellenistic, Roman, East Roman, Emirates and Ottoman periods starting from prehistoric times and has become a very important port city and cultural and commercial center at all stages of its history.
The Hellenistic and Roman Period houses the symbols of superior urbanization, architecture and religious history, and there are examples of the most outstanding architectural and urban planning of different periods in Ephesus. M. Ö. The cult center Artemision, dated to the 8th century and famed as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient era, The Virgin Mary, the place where the Ecumenical Congregation of 431, where Mary was adopted and proclaimed as the mother of Jesus, was one of the apostles of Jesus and the Bible of St. John, written in Ephesus. His unique works, such as the Basilica built on John's grave, are the unique works of witness to the Early Christian era, the Virgin Mary House, which is accepted as a pilgrimage place by Christians today, and the Islamic structures built during the period of the Emirates and Ephesus.